About Acne

acne is a skin disease consisting of

blemishes that can occur on your face

neck chest shoulders and back

me is very common during the teen years

but it can affect you during adulthood

as well

to keep your hair and skin well

lubricated your body depends on

sebaceous glands which sit just under

your skin these glands secrete an oily

substance called sebum which coats your

skin and hair to prevent them from

drying out sebum travels up hair

follicles and out through your pores

onto the surface of your skin your hair

follicles routinely shed dead skin cells

which sebum carries out of your body

when your body produces extra sebum and

dead skin cells they can stick together

and clog your pores resulting in skin

blemishes

then bacteria that normally exists in

small amounts on your skin can flourish

in the sebum in the clogged pore leading

to inflammation

depending on where the clog is located

and if you have inflammation acne may

appear as white heads which are clogged

follicles closed off from the air

blackheads which are clogged follicles

that turn a darker color when the clog

is exposed to air pustules commonly

called pimples which are inflamed

follicles clogged with pus or cysts

which are larger painful pus filled

lumps going deep under the skin

hormonal changes particularly a rise in

testosterone can lead to sebum

overproduction which is why acne often

occurs during the teen years however it

can occur at any age other factors

contributing to the development of acne

are bacteria certain medications and

genetics if you have a mild case of acne

your doctor may recommend and

over-the-counter lotion with one of

several active ingredients

zoil peroxide kills bacteria dries

excess oil and removes dead skin cells

clogging pores salicylic acid slows the

loss of skin cells to prevent clogged

pores it may also break down whiteheads

and blackheads

the hydroxy acids such as lactic acid

help remove dead skin cells reduce

inflammation and stimulate the growth of

new smoother skin sulfur removes dead

skin cells and dries excess oil

these are strong chemicals that may

irritate your skin follow the directions

for use exactly

if over-the-counter products are not

effective your dermatologist may

prescribe stronger prescription lotions

such as vitamin A which reduces the

build-up of dead skin cells in your

pores topical antibiotics which kill

bacteria on your skin or a combination

of benzoyl peroxide and topical

antibiotics for moderate to severe cases

your dermatologist may prescribe an oral

medication alone or in combination with

a topical treatment these medications

include oral antibiotics which kill

bacteria and reduce inflammation and

isotretinoin which is used only for the

most severe cases a corticosteroid

injection may be given to relieve your

pain and help clear up a particularly

large lesion for women

birth control pills containing estrogen

may be prescribed to minimize the

effects of testosterone regardless of

the treatment your doctor recommends

good skincare is essential for example

wash problem areas twice daily with a

mild soap and wash gently without

scrubbing if you have dry or peeling

skin use an oil-free water-based

moisturizer when choosing any product to

put on your skin look for an oil-free or

non comedogenic label which means it

won’t clog your pores avoid picking or

squeezing blemishes as these actions may

lead to infection or scarring and avoid

touching your face with your hands your

hair or any object such as a cell phone

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